The artist; Philip Cole, Tarrytown, NY; Thomas Gilcrease, Tulsa, OK, 1935; present owner, 1947
Roman Bronze Works
ROMAN BRONZE WORKS
A PHIMISTER PROCTOR 1915, top of base; ROMAN BRONZE WORKS N Y, top of base; 11, in red paint underneath
A. PHIMISTER PROCTOR , 1914
Broder, p. 114, says the artist was in Montana in the summer of 1914 at the Cheyenne Reservation where he got Chief Little Wolf to pose for this piece. Elsewhere Broder says the copyright for this was in 1915 & 1928."--PPC Broder was wrong on two counts. There were two models, the first was Robert Little Wolf, the son of Chief Little Wolf, and Rutherford Rolling Bull. The work was copyrighted in 1914.
Average copper-to-zinc ratio of 125.15. Average copper-to-tin ratio of 49. The base appears to be cast separately from the body of the sculpture. Trace amounts of calcium, nickel, sulfur, chlorine, and bromine are present on all sample spots.